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Weed Management and News Archives

Weed management is an ever-changing topic.  Below are articles, photos, and updates from ISU brought to you by the Weed Management Extension team.  Much of the information included here may be specific for Iowa conditions.

INDEX

Weed biology and ecology
  
Competition
    Seedbanks and Emergence
    General Biology/Ecology
    Weed Identification

Herbicides
  
Application
    Adjuvants
    Drift and injury
    Performance
    General information
    Resistance
    Herbicide Resistant Crops
    Glyphosate

Weed management
  
Corn
    Soybeans
    Pasture / CRP
    Waterhemp
    Woolly cupgrass
    Other


Toxicology, environment, water quality, regulatory

Weeds in the News


Weed biology and ecology

Competition

The cost of waiting too long, Bob Hartzler, Jan. 2009
Impact of weeds on corn nitrogen needs, Bob Hartzler, March 2, 2008

Power of the crop canopy, by Bob Hartzler, January 25, 2007
Role of preemergence herbicides in reducing early-season competition, by Bob Hartzler, February 13, 2006
Evaluating risks with total post programs, by Bob Hartzler, Dec.9, 2004
Non-competitive effects of weeds on corn, by Bob Hartzler, Dec. 7, 2004
Managing weeds to protect crop yields, by Bob Hartzler, October 20, 2004
Protecting corn yield with postemergence programs, by Bob Hartzler, February 20, 2004
Is your weed management program reducing your net return?, by Bob Hartzler, November 21, 2003
Influence of corn on waterhemp growth, by Dawn Nordby, January 25, 2003
Critical periods of competition, by Bob Hartzler, March 4, 2003
Why two if one will do?  by Bob Hartzler, February 18, 2003
Weed control in Roundup Ready corn, by Bob Hartzler, December 12, 2002
Effect of woolly cupgrass emergence date, by Bob Hartzler, December 30, 1999
Critical periods of competition in corn, by Bob Hartzler, April 26, 1999
Is One Pass Weed Control a Realistic Goal? - Bob Hartzler
Do farmers know how much weeds reduce yields by Bob Hartzler, Jan. 28, 1997
Optimum yields with total post programs, by Bob Hartzler, October 22, 1997

Seedbanks and emergence

Will a cereal rye cover crop suppress your weeds? Meaghan Anderson and Bob Hartzler, Dec. 31, 2014
Seed predators in agricultural fields, by Bob Hartzler,
Matt Liebman and Paula Westerman, February 10, 2006
Impact of late-season glyphosate applications on weed seed production, by Bob Hartzler, Aug 9, 2004
Giant ragweed emergence patterns , by Bob Hartzler, January23, 2003
Fate of weed seeds in the soil, Bob Hartzler, January 6, 2000

General Biology/Ecology

The creation of monarch butterfly habitat, by Meaghan Anderson, Feb 2015

Equisetum - From the ditch to the field, by Bob Hartzler, 2015

Will a rye cover crop suppress your weeds,
by Meaghan Anderson, December 31, 2014
Rye cover crops, allelopathy, and corn. Bob Hartzler, Apr. 2014
Palmer amaranth: ID, biology and management, by Bob Hartzler, Dec. 1, 2013
Equisetum: Biology and management
, by Bob Hartzler, May 20, 2009
Why are there weeds in my pasture, by Bob Hartzler, Aug 13, 2007
Attack of the killer weeds, by Bob Hartzler, July 31, 2007
White thistles invade Iowa , by Bob Hartzler, Sept. 11, 2006
Biennial thistles of Iowa,
by Bob Hartzler, March 29, 2006
A brief history of Canada thistle, by Bob Hartzler, March 17, 2005

Seed predators in agricultural fields, by Bob Hartzler, Matt Liebman and Paula Westerman, February 10, 2006
Where will our next big weed come from? by Bob Hartzler, December 21, 2005
Seed production following mowing by a summer annual, by Bob Hartzler, Jan. 5, 2005
Non-competitive effects of weeds on corn
, by Bob Hartzler, Dec. 7, 2004
Giant ragweed:  Return of a native, by Bob Hartzler, Nov. 4, 2004
Wind-blown weed seed, Bob Hartzler, May 26, 2004
Small things do matter, by Bob Hartzler, November 19, 2003
When did that weed emerge?, by Bob Hartzler, April 4, 2003
Multiflora rose and the rose rosette disease. by Bob Hartzler, February 5, 2003
Adaptation in Weeds - Dandelion, by Bob Hartzler, January 31, 2002
Distribution of Common Milkweed in Iowa
, by Dawn Refsell, December 14, 2001
Sublethal herbicide effects, by Bob Hartzler, June 2, 2000
Weed population dynamics, by Bob Hartzler, Nov. 6, 2000
Problems with biological control, by Bob Hartzer
Common milkweed in Iowa, by Bob Hartzler, February 3, 2000
Spatial stability of weed populations, Weed Science, Feb. 1997
Spatial weed distributions, by Bob Hartzler, November 14, 1999
Effect of late-season herbicides on weed seed production and viability , by Bob Hartzler, Sept. 14, 1998
Weed Emergence Patterns by Bob Hartzler, Dec. 31, 1996

Weed ID
Amaranthus Identification Guide, By Mike Owen
Weed Identification Resources, by Bob Hartzler
Agronomy 217 Weed Factsheets, By Bob Hartzler

Herbicides

Application

Selecting nozzles for postermergence applications, by Bob Hartzler and Mark Hanna, Feb. 2016
Spray volume affect on coverage by Bob Hartzler and Mark Hanna, Feb. 2016
Two apps are better than one, by Bob Hartzler, March 19, 2014
Evaluating risks with total post programs
, by Bob Hartzler, Dec.9, 2004
Managing weeds to protect crop yields, by Bob Hartzler, October 20, 2004
Apply when actively growing?  by Bob Hartzler, Dec. 23, 2003
Effect of application timing on herbicide efficacy, by Bob Hartzler, Dec. 5, 2003
Effect of nozzle type on spray retention, by Bob Hartzler, May 8, 2003
Why two if one will do?  by Bob Hartzler, February 18, 2003
Venturi nozzles for drift reduction, by Bob Hartzler, March 23, 2000
Crop canopy and spray coverage, by Bob Hartzler, May 31, 2000
Time of day influence on Roundup activity, by Bob Hartzler, October 18, 1999
Fall applications:   Risks vs. Benefits, by Bob Hartzler,September 21, 1999
Frost and herbicide efficacy,
by Bob Hartzler, September 21, 1999

Adjuvants
Are water conditioners appropriate for glyphosate applications, by Bob Hartzler, January 24, 2007
Alternative additives for glyphosate, by Bob Hartzler, Sept. 24, 2003

Effect of water pH on Accent activity, by Bob Hartzler, July 31, 2002
Spray adjuvants, a review, by Bob Hartzler, March 13, 2001
Absorption of foliar-applied herbicides, a review by Bob Hartzler, March 2, 2001
AMS and glyphosate products,
by Bob Hartzler, Jan 29, 2001
Clearing up adjuvant confusion, by Brent Pringnitz, April 28, 1998

Drift and injury

Effect of residual herbicides on cover crop establishment, Feb. 2015
Soybean response to sublethal doses of 2,4-D and dicamba, Dec. 2014
(Re)Learning to accept herbicide injury to crops,
by Bob Hartzler, Feb, 2013
Soil-applied PPO injury to soybean
, by Bob Hartzler, May 18, 2005
Herbicide residues in soybean following drift, by Bob Hartzler, March 17, 2005
Dealing with drift
, by Bob Hartzler, June 28, 2004

Dicamba volatility,
by Bob Hartzler, July 23, 2001
Crop responses to herbicides, by Bob Hartzler, June 11, 2000
Effect of dicamba on soybean yields, by Bob Hartzler, July 12, 1999
Corn brittleness and growth regulator herbicides, by Bob Hartzler, July 6, 1998

Performance

Herbicide program development,
Meaghan Anderson, Feb 2016
Part 1
Part 2
Part 3
Part 4

Equisetum - From the ditch to the field
, by Bob Hartzler, 2015

Factors affecting pyroxasulfone behavior in the soil, by Bob Hartzler, 2013
The importance of glyphosate translocation,
by Bob Hartzler, December 22, 2006
Dust and glyphosate, by Bob Hartzler, December 13, 2006
Herbicides and Temperature,
by Bob Hartzler, May 3, 2005
Insect interactions with herbicides, by Bob Hartzler, May 13, 2004
Are  all metolachlor products equal?  Bob Hartzler, January 6, 2004
Apply when actively growing?  by Bob Hartzler, Dec. 23, 2003

Effects of weather on herbicide performance, Bob Hartzler, April 11, 2003
Absorption of Soil-Applied Herbicides, by Bob Hartzler, March 7, 2002
Resolved isomers explained, by Bob Hartzler, 2000

Glyphosate

Managing the risk of glyphosate resistance, by Bob Hartzler
How plants survive glyphosate
, by Bob Hartzler, November 30, 2007

The importance of glyphosate translocation, by Bob Hartzler, December 22, 2006
Dust and glyphosate,
by Bob Hartzler, December 13, 2006
Role of preemergence herbicides in reducing early-season competition
, by Bob Hartzler, February 13, 2006
Role of preemergence herbicides in reducing glyhosate selection pressure , by Bob Hartzler, Feb. 13, 2006
Glyphosate resistance in the Cornbelt, by Bob Hartzler, December 21, 2005
2-1-2 , by Bob Hartzler and Mark Loux, October 28, 2005
Glyphosate resistance management - Is it worth the effort , by Bob Hartzler, September 28, 2005
Preserving the value of glyphosate, by Bob Hartzler, Dec. 27, 2004
Impact of late-season glyphosate applications on weed seed production, by Bob Hartzler, Aug 9, 2004
A world apart, by Bob Hartzler, Jan. 14, 2004
Alternative additives for glyphosate, by Bob Hartzler, Sept. 24, 2003
Effect of nozzle type on spray retention, by Bob Hartzler, May 8, 2003
Which glyphosate product is best?, by Bob Hartzler, March 13, 2003
Point - Counterpoint, by Bob Hartzler and Mike Owen, February 6, 2003
Are Roundup Ready Weeds in Your Future II , by Bob Hartzler, January 29, 2003
Glyphosate - A Review, by Bob Hartzler, Nov. 13, 2001
AMS and glyphosate products, by Bob Hartzler, Jan 29, 2001
Velvetleaf response to Roundup,
by Bob Hartzler, Dec. 15, 2000
Time of day influence on Roundup activity, by Bob Hartzler, October 18, 1999
Are Roundup Ready weeds in your future, by Bob Hartzler, Nov. 3, 1998
Roundup Resistant Weeds - Can it happen?, Resistant Pest Management , Winter, 1996

General information

Enlist Duo: New era herbicide label, Feb. 2015
Why in the world is Enlist corn resistant to the fop herbicides, Jan. 2015
Herbicide classification poster
, USB, Jan. 2014
Factors affecting pyroxasulfone behavior in the soil, by Bob Hartzler, 2013
Herbicide sites of action,
by Bob Hartzler, 2012
Absorption of soil-applied herbicides, by Bob Hartzler, March 7, 2002
Absorption of foliar-applied herbicides, a review by Bob Hartzler, March 2, 2001
Resolved isomers explained, by Bob Hartzler, 2000

Herbicide Resistance

Herbicide program development, Meaghan Anderson, Feb 2016
Part 1
Part 2
Part 3
Part 4

It's system more than trait, Evaluation of new HR traits, Bob Hartzler, Jan 2016
Multiple herbicide groups work!!Bob Hartzler, Apr 2015
Is the term Superweed appropriate? Aug. 2014
Group 4 (growth regulators) resistance in weeds, 2014
Take action Weed Out Resistance poster

Effectiveness of using multiple sites of action to manage resistance, by Bob Hartzler, Dec. 2012
Perspectives on herbicide resistance
, by Bob Hartzler, Jan. 2013
Those who cannot remember the past . . ., by Bob Hartzler, Jan 2013
Introducing the Herbicide Ad Hall of Fame
Insect vs Weed: Resistance management
, by Bob Hartzler, Feb, 2013

Still don't think you need integrated weed management, Hartzler, Boerboom, Gunsolus and Loux. 2009.
Role of preemergence herbicides in reducing glyhosate selection pressure , by Bob Hartzler, Feb. 13, 2006
2-1-2 , by Bob Hartzler and Mark Loux, October 28, 2005
Glyphosate resistance management - Is it worth the effort , by Bob Hartzler, September 28, 2005
Preserving the value of glyphosate, by Bob Hartzler, Dec. 27, 2004
A world apart, by Bob Hartzler, Jan. 14, 2004
Point - Counterpoint, by Bob Hartzler and Mike Owen, February 6, 2003
What, me worry?, by Bob Hartzler, May, 1, 2003

Are Roundup Ready Weeds in Your Future II , by Bob Hartzler, January 29, 2003
Farmer Perceptions of Herbicide Resistance, by Bob Hartzler, Feb. 25, 2002
Herbicide exploitation, By Bob Hartzler, Aug 11, 2000
Are Roundup Ready weeds in your future, by Bob Hartzler, Nov. 3, 1998
Herbicide resistance: who's resisting?, Weed Science, August 1997
Persistence of herbicide resistance, Weed Technology, June 1997
Antibiotic resistance: Road of no return, Science, October 24, 1997

Herbicide Tolerant/Genetically Modified Crops
Changes in common milkweed occurence since the introduction of RR crops, by Bob Hartzler, 2010
Distribution of Common Milkweed in Iowa, by Dawn Refsell, December 14, 2001
Monarch butterflies and HRC's, Science, 8 Jan, 1999.
North American Developments in Herbicide Tolerant Crops
, British Crop Protection Conference, Novemenber, 1997
Europe and transgenic crops, Science, 21 February, 1997
Purity of Liberty-Link seeds, by Bob Hartzler, June 6, 1997
Monsanto playing God?, Riverfront Times, 11 December, 1996
Can Transgenic Crops Create Superweeds?,Science, 11 Oct 1996
Give me Liberty, or give me . . .?, Dealer PROGRESS, March/April 1997

Weed management

Corn

Herbicide program development, Meaghan Anderson, Feb 2016
Part 1
Part 2
Part 3
Part 4

Effects of herbicides on cover crop establishment, Hartzler and Anderson, Jan 15

Breaking down Resicore, Bob Hartzler, Jan 2016
Acuron: 4 actives, 3 herbicide groups, Bob Hartzler, May 2015
Corvus, a new 'one-pass' herbicide, Bob Hartzler, Feb. 2009

Importance of timely scouting for weeds, by Bob Hartzler, May 12, 2005
Protecting corn yield with postemergence programs
, by Bob Hartzler, February 20, 2004

Waterhemp control with amide herbicides, by Bob Hartzler, April 1, 2003
Changing corn cuticles, by Bob Hartzler, March 26, 2001

Soybeans
It's system more than trait, Evaluation of new HR traits, Bob Hartzler, Jan 2016
Soybean response to sublethal doses of 2,4-D and dicamba, Dec. 2014
Effect of weeds on soybean harvest efficiency, by Bob Hartzler, August 17, 1998
Effect of dicamba on soybean yields, by Bob Hartzler, July 12, 1999

Pasture/CRP
Why are there weeds in my pasture, by Bob Hartzler, Aug 13, 2007
Integrated management of Canada thistle, February 2, 2007
Controlling eastern red cedar, by Bob Hartzler, April 28, 2006
Now's the time to control biennials,
by Bob Hartzler, March 29, 2006
Biennial thistles of Iowa,
by Bob Hartzler, March 29, 2006
A brief history of Canada thistle, by Bob Hartzler, March 17, 2005
Aminopyralid - a new herbicide for pastures, by Bob Hartzler, February 21, 2006
Multiflora rose and the rose rosette disease. by Bob Hartzler, February 5, 2003
Canada thistle management, by Bob Hartzler, Feb. 6, 2002

Waterhemp/Amaranthus
Palmer amaranth ID poster, USB, Feb. 2014
A light-hearted look at Palmer amaranth, by Bob Hartzler, Dec. 2013
Palmer amaranth: ID, biology and management, by Bob Hartzler, Dec. 1, 2013
Palmer amaranth - A threat to Iowa? Bob Hartzler, 2013

Waterhemp response to mowing, how a weed beats crop rotation, by Bob Hartzler, Dec. 30, 2004
Waterhemp control with amide herbicides, by Bob Hartzler, April 1, 2003
Influence of corn on waterhemp growth, by Dawn Nordby, January 25, 2003

Late-emerging waterhemp,
by Bob Hartzler, Dec.2, 1998

Other
Invasive plant management resources, by Bob Hartzler, 2012
Multiflora rose and the rose rosette disease. by Bob Hartzler, February 5, 2003

Weed control in tree plantings,  by Bob Hartzler, April 10, 2002
C
anada thistle management, by Bob Hartzler, Feb. 6, 2002
Velvetleaf response to Roundup,
by Bob Hartzler, Dec. 15, 2000
Problems with biological control, by Bob Hartzler

"Weeds in the News" and editorial articles
Herbicide ad hall of fame, by Bob Hartzler, January, 2013
Weeds in the concrete jungle, by Bob Hartzler, March 10, 2008
California bans handweeding, by Bob Hartzler, Oct. 1, 2004
The future of farming?, by Bob Hartzler, March 28, 2004

Concerns over Roundup Ready creeping bentgrass, by Bob Hartzler, March 12, 2004
A glimpse of the future?, by Bob Hartzler, January 23, 2003
How Low Can They Go?, by Bob Hartzler, March 4, 2002
It Ain't Chickenfeed, by Bob Hartzler, Feb. 20, 2002
Save the Monarch - Plant Milkweed!! , by Bob Hartzler, Feb. 4, 2002
Introduced species,
by Bob Hartzler, Dec. 19, 2000
Plants without virtue, by Bob Hartzler, May 15, 2000
Dandelions, biological control, and extinct species,
by Bob Hartzler, July 16, 1999
Prime time weeds,
by Bob Hartzler, May 21, 1999
Herbicide Ad Hall of Shame,
May 26, 1998
Promiscuity in transgenic plants,
by Bob Hartzler, December 21, 1998
Philosophies in Extension Weed Management, North Central Weed Science Society, November 15, 1997
Poison Ivy home remedy?, by Bob Hartzler, July 9, 1997
Agricultural chemical industry news: A synopsis, May 11, 1998
Pesticide use trends in Europe, April 20, 1998
Antibiotic resistance: Road of no return, Science, October 24, 1997
Leafy spurge - A Henry Kissinger for the 90's, Des Moines Register, August 1, 1997
Just the facts, Governor, Des Moines Register, July 22, 1997
Use of pesticides down in Europe,by Micheal D.K. Owen, 5, June, 1997
Air pollution and seed germination, Science, 23 May, 1997
Report of global pesticides sales for 1996, by Micheal D.K. Owen, 26 March, 1997
He should have been in extension, Science, 7 March, 1997
We've come a long way, baby, Iowa State College, 1953?
Monsanto playing God?, Riverfront Times, 11 December, 1996
Give me Liberty, or give me . . .?, Dealer PROGRESS, March/April 1997
The invincibility of herbicides?, by Bob Hartzler, 10 February, 1997
Biosphere 2: Morningglories contribute to failure of ecosystem Science, 15 Nov 1996

For more information contact:
ISU Extension Agronomy
2104 Agronomy Hall
Ames, Iowa 50011-1010
Voice: (515) 294-1923
Fax: (515) 294-9985
http://www.weeds.iastate.edu
Submit questions or comments here.  

Copyright 1996-2006, Iowa State University, all rights reserved  

Common chemical and trade names are used in this publication. The use of trade names is for clarity by the reader. Inclusion of a trade name does not imply endorsement of that particular brand of herbicide and exclusion does not imply nonapproval.